Temperature : 15-30 degree C
Rainfall : 100cm
Sowing Temperature : 15-20 degree C - 25-30 degree C
Harvesting Temperature : 20-25 degree C - 18-22 degree C
It is a hardy crop. And grows wells in all type of soil from poor, alkaline and ill drained soil. It can grow in soil having pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.5. It gives best results when grown under deep, well drained, sandy loam to clay loam soil.
Popular Varieties With Their Yield
Punjab Pink: Fruits is of medium to large size with attractive skin color, gives golden yellow color in summer season. Flesh of fruit is of red color with pleasant flavour. TSS ranges from 10.5 to 12%. Gives average yield of 155 kg per tree.
Allahbad Safeda: Dwarf variety with round crown and spreading branches. Fruit is smooth, round and flesh is of white color with pleasant flavor. TSS ranges from 10-12%. Gives average yield of 145 kg per Tree.
Arka Amulya: Dwarf variety with compact, round crown with dense foliage. Fruit is of large size, smooth, round and having white flesh. TSS ranges from 9.3 to 10.1%. Gives average yield of 144 kg per Tree.
Sardar: Also known as L-49. Dwarf variety with spreading branches. Fruit is large in size having rough surface. Flesh is of creamy white, smooth, juicy with rich test. TSS ranges from 10-12%. Gives average yield of 130-155 kg per tree.
Punjab Safeda: It has creamy and white flesh. The fruit contains 13.4% sugar content and are 0.62% sour.
Punjab Kiran: It has pink flesh. The fruit contains 12.3% sugar content and 0.44% sour content. The seeds are small and soft.
Shweta: It has creamy white flesh. The fruit contains 10.5-11.0% sucrose content. It gives an average yield of 151kg per tree.
Nigiski: It gives an average yield of 80kg per tree.
Punjab Soft: It gives an average yield of 85kg per tree.
Other States Variety
Allahabad Surkha: Seedless variety. Large fruit with uniform pink color flesh.
Apple guava: Pink colored medium size fruits. Fruits are having sweet taste with good keeping quality.
Chittidar: Popular variety of Uttar Pradesh. Fruits are similar to Allahbad Safeda variety except these fruits having red dots on skin. Its TSS content is higher than Allahbad Safeda and L 49 variety.
Do ploughing, cross ploughing of land and then levelled the land. Prepare land in such way that water stagnation should not occurred in field.
Time of Sowing
February-March or August-September month is optimum time for planting of Guava.
For planting use spacing of 6x5 m. Use of planting distance of 7m, then in square system, 132 plants can be accommodating in one acre.
Roots should be sown at the depth of 25 cm.
Method of Sowing
Plants are propagated by budding or Air layering. Sardar variety seeds are tolerant to wilt and can be used for raising rootstock. Extract seed from ripen fruit and sow them in raise bed in August-March. Make raised beds of 2mx1m. When seedling becomes six months old they are ready for transplantation. Transplanted seedling when attain diameter of 1-1.2cm and height of 15cm they are ready for budding process. May and June months are best for budding process. Freshly cut, angular bud wood from current season’s growth is used for budding purpose.
Pruning and Training
Training and Pruning is necessary to provide stronger frame work to guava tree. Stronger frame work helps to support high yield. To maintain the productivity on trees, light pruning at time of first harvesting is necessary. Regularly remove dead and diseased infected branches. Modified leader system of training is followed. Flowers in guava are borne on current seasons growth so carry out light annual pruning and remove upto 10cm tip, it will encourage new shoots after harvesting.
During initial 3-4years, grow vegetable like carrot, okra, brinjal and radish can be taken as intercrop. Also legumes crop like gram, beans can be sown as intercrop.
Fertilizer Requirement (kg/acre)
|Age of Crop Year
|Well decomposed cow dung(in kg)
|First to Three Year
|Four to Six Year
|Seven to Ten Year
|Ten Year and Above
When crop is of 1-3 year old, apply well composed cow dung@10-25 kg per tree along with Urea@155-200 gm, SSP@500-1600 gm and MOP@100-400 gm per Tree. For 4-6year old crop, apply cowdung@25-40 kg, Urea@300-600 gm, SSP@1500-2000 gm, MOP@600 gm-1000 gm per tree. When crop become 7-10 year old, apply Cowdung@40-50 kg, Urea@750-1000 gm, SSP@2000-2500 gm and MOP@1100-1500 gm per Tree.
When crop age is above 10 year, apply Cowdung@50 kg per tree, Urea@1000 gm, SSP@2500 gm and MOP@1500 gm per Tree.
Apply half of dose of Urea, SSP and MOP and full dose of cowdung, in May-June month and remaining half dose in September - October.
Weed control is necessary for good crop growth and yield. To keep check on weed growth, apply Gramoxone 6ml/litre of water in March, July and September month. Apply Glyphosate@1.6Ltr/acre as post-emergence when weed growth is active (before weeds flower and attained height of 15-20cm). 200Ltr of water is sufficient to spray one acre land.
After planting, irrigate crop immediately, then irrigate on third day, afterwards irrigate depending upon soil type and climate. Irrigation is not required to well establish orchards. Young plantation required irrigation at weekly interval in summer month and 2-3 irrigation during winter month. Avoid flood irrigation during flowering stage as it leads to excessive flower drop.
Pest and their control:
Fruit Fly: It is serious pest of guava. Females lay eggs below epidermis of young fruits. Later on maggots feed on pulp afterward fruits starts rotting and get drop.
If orchards are having history of fruit fly, avoid taking rainy season crop. Do harvesting at right time. Avoid delay in harvesting. Remove and destroyed infested branches, fruits away from field. Take spray of Fenvalerate@80ml in 150Ltr of water at weekly intervals on fruit ripening. Harvest should be done after third day of spraying.
Mealy Bug: They suck sap from different plant parts and thus weaken plant. If infestations of sucking pests like Mealy bug is observed then to control spray with Chlorpyriphos 50EC @300ml/100Ltr of water.
Guava Shoot Borer: It is a serious pest of nursery. Infested shoots get dry up.
If infestation is observed, take spray of Chlorpyriphos@500ml or Quinalphos@400ml in 100Litres of water per acre.
Aphid: Serious and common pest of Guava. Adult and nymphs, both suck the sap thus weaken the plant. In severe infestation, they cause curling and deformation of young leaves. They secrete honey dew like substance and Sooty, black mould is developed on affected parts.
If infestation is observed to control takes spray of Dimethoate@20ml or Methyl Demeton@20ml per 10Ltr water on new flush.
Disease and their control:
Wilt: Serious disease of Guava crop. Yellowing, wilting of leaves along with defoliation are symptoms of wilt infestation.
Keep field well drained; avoid water logging condition in field. Remove and destroyed infected plants away from field. Drench nearby soil with Copper oxychloride@25gm or Carbendazim@20gm/10Ltr of water
Anthracnose or Dieback: Dark brown or black spots are observed on shoots. On fruits also small, raise, dark spots are observed. Fruits rot completely within 2 to 3days after infection.
Keep field clean, destroyed infected plant parts, fruits also avoid water logging condition in soil. After pruning take spray of Captan@300gm in 100Ltr water. At fruit set repeat the spray of Captan and continue till fruits get mature with interval of 10-15days. If infestation observed in field take spray of Copper oxychloride@30gm/10Ltr on infected trees.
Within 2-3years after planting comes to bearing. Harvesting should be done when fruits get mature. On maturity, fruits changes color from dark green to greenish yellow. Do harvesting at proper time and avoid over-ripening of fruits as it deteriorates quality and test.
After harvesting, carry out cleaning, grading and packing operations. As gauva is perishable fruits, it should be marketed immediately after harvest. For packing use CFB, corrugated fibre boxes or bamboo baskets of different size.
Organic farming is a method of agricultural production that excludes the use of synthetic substances, such as pesticides, synthetic medicines or fertilisers, and genetically modified organisms.
Organic farming, also known as ecological farming or biological farming, is an agricultural system that uses fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. It originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.
Organic farming in India is an agricultural process, uses pest control derived from organic manure and animal or plant waste. This farming started to respond to the environmental suffering caused by chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. It is a new system of agriculture that repairs, maintains, and improves the ecological balance. Organic farming uses organic inputs, green manures, cow dung, etc.
Organic farming ensures that nature stays clean and rich. If we visit an organic farm and we will notice a buzz of animal, bird, and insect activity. Research shows that there are around 30 percent more wildlife and plants near ecological production fields compared to conventional farming. This is because there are no pesticides, and fertilizer is used far less. Covid-19 pandemic has changed the perception of organic food, with spotlight now on safety and healthy food that is nutritious to build a strong immune system. It is time to talk about nutritional security not of food security only (which consist only carbohydrates). Among the host of healthy food options available, organic food is perceived as the preferred choice. Therefore, organic food witnessed an uptake since the onset of pandemic. Organically grown foods generally contain higher levels of antioxidants, certain micronutrients, no harmful chemicals, pesticides and fertilizers, better taste and most important thing is organically grown produce aids in the sustainability of the planet and in maintaining ecological balance.
Why Annada Greens
Annada Greens farm is located in a small village in Sonepur, Odisha state produces the world’s best Organic mango,pomoganate,guava,papaya,Bananna,Dates and Honey.